The legacy of the world’s conflicts can be seen in the scores of camps for refugees around the world. This story profiles the 50 most populous settlements administered by the United Nations High Commission for Refugees. Contrary to popular belief, many of these settlements are far from temporary, and most of the largest ones are in Africa and South Asia. In total, these camps are home to over 1.9 million uprooted people. The massive Dadaab complex in Kenya (which includes the Hagadera, Dagahaley, and Ifo camps) has existed for years, even decades. As the imagery in these views shows, many refugee settlements are located on arid or marginal lands. With scarce local resources from which to draw, most residents of these facilities depend on external aid for survival.